2 October 2022 10
The process of obtaining a temporary residence permit in the Russian Federation consists of several stages, one of which is confirmation of knowledge of the Russian language, as well as knowledge of national history and legislation. With some exceptions, everyone has to take the exam, and often migrants are not sufficiently prepared for the test, in particular, they do not understand where and how it should be taken. Difficulties can also arise directly during the testing, so you should find out in advance the maximum information about the procedure and its features.
The TRP exam is a comprehensive check of potential document recipients, the results of which make it possible to judge how prepared a person is for life in Russia. It is assumed that in order to adapt in a new country, a migrant must know the language, law and history of the state where they plan to live and work. Tasks drawn up by linguists, historians and lawyers make it possible to objectively assess the abilities of a foreigner. If you manage to score a sufficient number of points (for each module it is different), then a certificate is issued with which you can apply for the RVP. The procedure is paid, so in addition to knowledge, you need to think about financial costs. Those who come from non-Russian speaking countries often require the services of tutors before passing the screening.
There are situations where a migrant can avoid the additional investment of time, effort, and financial resources by not taking an exam. Russian legislation provides for this possibility for the following categories:
To clarify whether you fall under one or another category, please contact our lawyers. Specialists will also help with the collection of documents and the procedure for obtaining a temporary residence permit.
The full list of organizations that have the right to test the knowledge of foreigners is listed in the Order of the Ministry of Education and Science No. 856. It is on him that you need to focus if you want to get a state-recognized certificate, which will be accepted without any problems in the migration service.
However, the document lists only 13 universities located in the capital and large cities, where not everyone can easily get to. You can solve the problem by using the services of testing centers that operate on the basis of higher educational institutions prescribed in the Order. A prerequisite for applying to such organizations is to check the availability of a valid license from the university or institute that provided accreditation. If the document is overdue, or the university is not included in the list, then the center does not have the right to conduct exams and issue certificates.
During the test, the migrant will have to prove that he is capable of:
In total, there are five subtests in the exam, designed to confirm or refute the fact that a foreigner has certain language skills:
Except for the last sub-category, which involves conversation, the rest of the subtests are written. You always need to remember about the time limit in order to do everything. When passing tests, you must first answer simple and understandable questions, and then return to those that are in doubt. It is advisable to practice at home in advance in order to learn how to control the time spent on tasks.
To confirm the knowledge of historical facts, you will need to answer 20 questions that will concern:
There are no open tests (without answer options), which makes it easier to pass the exam. You don’t have to delve into the history of the country or memorize the smallest details when preparing for the test – in order to score a passing score, it will be enough to have basic knowledge of the school level. For migrants who came from post-Soviet countries, this part of the test does not cause problems, but the rest will have to spend some time and effort studying how the Russian state was formed.
Objectively, the most difficult step in passing the test before obtaining a Russian TRP is testing for knowledge of the law. It is because of him that many have to go for a retake, because you need not only to learn certain facts, but also to understand their essence – otherwise you will not be able to score enough points. Mostly tasks are offered with answer options, but there are also those where you need to answer yourself.
The third block contains questions related to various areas: family, administrative, criminal, civil law, etc. According to the foreigner’s answers, the examiners can judge how legally literate he is. It is rightly believed that a person cannot quickly adapt in a country without having an idea about the basics of its legislation.
The most commonly asked questions in testing are related to:
It is not necessary to answer all questions correctly to receive a certificate. There is a certain minimum score for each module and subtest, the receipt of which allows you to successfully pass the test:
After it will take some time to complete the last part of the test until the examiners report the results. If you have scored enough points in all modules, then you can count on issuing a certificate.
To receive a document, you need to present your passport and wait for it to be issued. The waiting period is from 3 to 10 working days, that is, after a maximum of 2 weeks, you can collect the rest of the papers and apply for the TRP. In addition to the certificate, which is valid for 5 years, the results of a medical examination and a completed application will be required. Holders of a certificate of passing the exam for a residence permit may additionally not be tested for a temporary residence permit, but use an existing document. On the contrary, it will not work – when applying for a residence permit, they do not accept a certificate for a temporary residence permit.
Migrants will not have any special difficulties if they are well prepared and have sufficient speech practice. It will be fundamentally easier for citizens of Russian-speaking countries – at least they will pass the Russian language exam easily, all that remains is to remember the school history course and learn the legislation of the Russian Federation. Emotional attitude and attentiveness are also important success factors, since often the answers are partially contained in the test questions.
The first attempt fails for many migrants, and for various reasons:
Those who fail one or two subtests have the option to retake part of the exam, i.e. prepare and retake the failed parts of the exam. Everyone else will have to re-spend money and time on passing the check.
You can increase your chances of success by taking special preparatory courses. They are organized in testing centers, and the schedule and duration, as well as the content of the curriculum, can vary significantly. After training, almost everyone takes an exam, but in this case, preparation takes more time and requires additional financial costs.
If you prepare yourself, then the costs are less, but the risk of not passing increases. It is not superfluous to look at sample questions and take trial testing online to get an idea of the mechanics of the process and assess the current level of knowledge.
Make an appointment with the specialists of the Unified Legal Service to get professional and competent assistance in passing exams for obtaining a temporary residence permit in Russia.
Единая юридическая служба (далее Единая юридическая служба или Администрация) обязуется сохранять Вашу конфиденциальность в сети Интернет.
Настоящая Политика Конфиденциальности, рассказывает о том, как собираются, обрабатываются и хранятся Ваши личные данные.
Администрация уделяет большое внимание защите личной информации пользователей.
Пользуюсь сайтом Единая юридическая служба, пользователь тем самым дает согласие на применение правил сбора и использования данных, изложенных в настоящем документе.
Ниже описаны некоторые способы использования личной информации пользователя:
- для предоставления информации и услуг, которые запрашивает пользователь
- для ответа на запросы пользователя
- для формирования статистических данных
Администрация не продает личные данные пользователя и не передает их третьим лицам без согласия на то пользователя.
Далее, описаны некоторые случаи передачи личной информации пользователя:
- в случаях, если это требуется органам спецслужб или если это требует законодательство
A lawyer-consultant will contact you shortly
Теперь Вы будете в курсе всех событий!